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Emma Jackson

Seagrass Landscape and Restoration Ecology
Research Fellow
School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences
Gladstone Marina
604 - 1.03
Gladstone Marina Campus
About Me
General
Background

Interim Director of the Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Research Centre

Marine and Coastal restoration is a multidisciplinary endeavour, requiring input from environment and ecology, toxicology, chemistry, hydrology, atmospheric science, engineering, policy and social science. Research within the cluster ranges from understanding threats and impacts, to ecophysiology of target species to broad-scale spatial modelling, providing best-practice solutions for mitigating and resolving coastal environmental problems.

My research interests include:

  • Seagrass dynamics: landscape ecology, patch dynamics, restoration and faunal habitat modelling;

  • Marine conservation management: vulnerability mapping (recovery and resistance), marine protected area (network design, assessing ecological coherence of MPA networks, stakeholder involvement)

  • Ecosystem services: evaluation, relationships with biodiversity and ecosystem function, interactions and cost benefit analysis (in collaboration)

  • Marine Protected Areas and Reserves: establishment, performance assessment and efficacy;

  • Marine community ecology: fractal patterns, landscape ecology, human impacts, metapopulation ecology; and

  • Marine angiosperm, invertebrate and vertebrate taxonomy.

Currently I am researching the construction of a science based framework for seagrass restoration in Central Queensland.

Universities Worked At

Marine Institute, Plymouth University, UK    2002-2012


Media Citations

Total Wild clip: Seagrass versus Zombies

http://tenplay.com.au/channel-eleven/totally-wild/season-23/episode-153

(start time 15:10 mins)

Previous teaching

Postgraduate student supervision:

PhD students
  • Ms Helen Darlow PhD candidate (2016 - ).
  • Ms Claudia Benham PhD candidate (2012 - Submitted). Social and ecological impacts of natural gas developments.
  • Ms Paola Rodriguez PhD candidate (2012 - ). Perceived value (social, economic and environmental) of the marine environment in Gladstone, Queensland (Primary supervisor Prof M Campbell). International Postgraduate Research Scholarship and an International Postgraduate Research.
  • Dr Isobel Bloor (successful viva Dec 2012). PhD candidate. Research focused on the spawning habitats of the common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) in the English Channel (Primary supervisor Prof M Attrill). EU Interreg IVA funding as part of the CRESH project.
Masters students
  • Ms Anna Skillington (2017 - )
  • Ms Julie-Ann Malan (2016 - )
  • Ms Katie Brigden (2009-2010) A Study into the Cuttlefish Fishery of Torbay, Devon: Investigating Spawning Areas from the Fishermen’s Perspective and the Potential for Utilising Artificial Egg Laying Structures (Primary Supervisor Dr Emma Jackson).
  • Ms Penelopi Goumenaki (2006-2007). Contributing to the management of a seagrass habitat by determining its natural or anthropogenic structuring (Salcombe, SW England) (Primary Supervisor Dr Emma Jackson).
  • Ms Alexandra Mack (2006-2007) The impact of proposed dredging for Pecten maximus in 'The Bag' area of the Salcombe- Kingsbridge Estuary (Primary Supervisor Dr Emma Jackson). Received a Seale Hayne Education Fund Masters research award.
  • Mr Ben Rhodes (2005-2006) The Effects of Boat Moorings on Infaunal Polychaete Assemblages in Associated Bare Sand Patches within Zostera marina L. beds. (Primary Supervisor Dr Emma Jackson). Received a student research grant from Natural England.
  • Ms Ruth Moore (2005-2006) The Impact of Swinging Boat Moorings on Infaunal Macroinvertebrate Communities Associated with Zostera marina Beds in the Salcombe Estuary, Devon, UK. (Primary Supervisor Dr Emma Jackson). Received a student research grant from Natural England.
  • Mr Dickens Odeny (2005-2006) Laboratory experiment on species growth response to nutrient elevation (N&P) and potential ecological interactions of Zostera marina L. and Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt. (Primary Supervisor Prof Martin Attrill, Second supervisor Dr Emma Jackson).
  • Mr James Tweedley (2005-2006). The Effect of the Invasive Alga Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt on the Seagrass Zostera marina L. and its Associated Fauna. (Primary Supervisor Prof Martin Attrill, Second supervisor Dr Emma Jackson).
Honours students
  • Ms Kristie Marriette (2016-). Seagrass seed bank dynamics of Pelican Banks, Port Curtis Bay, Queensland (Primary supervisor Dr Emma Jackson).
  • Mrs Nicole Bonney (2016-). Status of fish assemblages in a coal terminal storm water pond. (Primary supervisor: Dr Emma Jackson)
  • Mr Henry Evans (2011-2012). Feeding ecology of coastal cephalopods in the north-east Atlantic (Primary supervisor Prof M. Attrill; Co-supervisor Dr Emma Jackson). 2011 Received a Seale Hayne Scholarship award.
  • Ms Hannah Moysey (2005-2006). Salcombe estuary seagrass regeneration project. (Primary Supervisor Dr Emma Jackson).
  • Mr Tom Smith (2005-2006).The Distribution and Diversity of Epiphytes on Zostera marina Beds Along a Natural-Sand Boundary in Salcombe Devon UK. (Primary Supervisor Dr Emma Jackson)
  • Mr Paul Dyer (2005-2006).Seagrass edge effects and motile epifauna: patterns and processes. (Primary Supervisor Dr Emma Jackson).

Professional Experience

Formal Qualifications

1998 – 2003 PhD The importance of seagrass beds as a habitat for fishery species around Jersey, English Channel. University of Plymouth, UK.

1997 – 1998 MSc (Distinction) in Marine Resource Development and Protection. Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh. Thesis on modelling the distribution and value of seagrass in the Orkney Isles.

1993 – 1997 BSc (Hons) in Marine Biology (2:1), University of Stirling, Scotland.

Current Appointment and Employment History

Jan 2013-ongoing Research Fellow in seagrass landscape ecology, Central Queensland University

July 2011 – December 2012 Associate Fellow of the Marine Biological Association of the UK (0.6 FTE) and postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Plymouth, UK. FP7 funded KnowSeas Project (The Knowledge-based Sustainable Management for Europe's Seas)(0.4 FTE).

April 2011 – July 2011 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Plymouth, UK. FP7 funded KnowSeas Project (The Knowledge-based Sustainable Management for Europe's Seas) (0.4 FTE)

Sept 2010 – April 2011 Maternity Leave

May 2009 – Sept 2010 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Plymouth, UK. FP7 funded KnowSeas Project (The Knowledge-based Sustainable Management for Europe's Seas) (0.4 FTE), and Biodiversity and Conservation Science Programme Manager, MBA (0.6 FTE)

Jan 2008 – May 2009 Biodiversity and Conservation Science Programme Manager, MBA (0.6 FTE)

April 2007 – Jan 2008 Maternity Leave

April 2004 – April 2007 Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Landscape Ecology, University of Plymouth, UK. EU FP6 funded ELME project (European Lifestyles and Marine Ecosystems). Full time.

Other Skills and Qualifications

  • Fieldwork and Laboratory skills: Experience of operating sub-littoral remote sampling gear and in situ observations. Good marine macro-invertebrate and vertebrate identification skills.
  • Diving: PADI Dive Master, HSE Part 4 (Theory).
  • Boat Skills: RYA Powerboat Level 2 (planing and displacement craft, inshore and offshore over 500 helming hours), Competent Crew Certificate and RYA Dinghy Instructor; use of navigational equipment such as GPS, plotters, digital echo-sounder systems and basic radar skills; VHF Licence.
  • Full UK and Queensland driving licences
  • First Aid at Work Certification

Professional Memberships

  • The Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (MBA) – Associate Fellow
  • Australian Marine Sciences Association (AMSA)
  • Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association (ECSA)

Professional Interests

  • Seagrass dynamics: landscape ecology, patch dynamics, restoration and faunal habitat modelling;
  • Marine conservation management: vulnerability mapping (recovery and resistance), marine protected area (network design, assessing ecological coherence of MPA networks, stakeholder involvement)
  • Ecosystem services: evaluation, relationships with biodiversity and ecosystem function, interactions and cost benefit analysis (in collaboration)
  • Marine Protected Areas and Reserves: establishment, performance assessment and efficacy;
  • Marine community ecology: fractal patterns, landscape ecology, human impacts, metapopulation ecology; and
  • Marine angiosperm, invertebrate and vertebrate taxonomy.

Key Achievements

2012                     Invited expert in Marine Protected Areas and Ecosystem Services for the UK Valuing Nature Network coastal and marine group.

2012                     Invited expert to provide advice to the UK Seafish Authority on cuttlefish for a fisheries ecological risk assessment.

2011                     Elected as Associate Fellow of the Marine Biological Association of the UK.

2011                     Convener and expert presenter– monitoring seagrass quality and change. Scapa Flow Landscape Partnership. Short Course, July 2011.

2011                     Invited speaker at the Biodiversity, ecosystems and uses of the marine environment: what knowledge is needed for the integrated management of the Normano-Breton Gulf 2-3 November 2011, St. Malo, France.

2010                     Invited speaker at the DefiManche CHANNEL PROGRAM March 30-31st 2010, Rouen.

2009                     Invited speaker at “A Changing Climate for Maritime Biodiversity: linking science to practice”, 5th November 2009, Met Office, Exeter.

2008                     Elected scientific advisor for the Finding Sanctuary Steering Group and Finding Sanctuary Marine Conservation Zone Stakeholder group.

2008                     Invited speaker at the Natural England Seagrass workshop, 22nd May, 2008. Natural England Offices, Exeter.

2004                     Joint convenor of special session on Seagrass Landscape Ecology ECSA-ERF Conference, Ballina, Australia, June 20-24 2004.

Computer Software

  • Mapping: ESRI ArcGIS, ERDAS ImagineTM, Biosonics DT Analyser, FRAGSTATS.
  • Statistics: Microsoft Excel, PRIMER, WinGMAV5, StatGraphics, Statistica;
  • Modelling: WEMo, Netica, MaxEnt, R.
  • Databases: Microsoft Access, Endnote, Reference Manager;
  • Presentations/Reports: Microsoft Word and Power Point, Adobe Photoshop.

Editor

Editorial Reviews and Peer reviews
Reviews for Journals

• Aquatic Botany
• Austral Ecology
• Biological Conservation
• Biologia Marina Mediterranea
• Botanica Marina
• Bulletin of Marine Science
• Estuaries and Coasts
• Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
• ICES Journal of Marine Science
• Marine Biology
• Marine Ecology Progress Series
• Marine Pollution Bulletin

Examined University Thesis, Dissertations, Confirmations
• Plymouth University

• CQuniversity


Peer Review for Government and Non-government Agencies
• Department of the Environment Fisheries and Rural Affairs (UK)
• Natural England (UK)
• Natural Environmental Research Council (UK)
• Maryland Sea Grant, NOAA (USA)
• National Science Foundation (USA)

Consultancy Work

Luisetti, T. and Jackson, E.L. (2014). Blue Carbon Case study. In: Dickie, I., Cryle, P. & Maskell, L. (2014) UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-on. Work Package Report 1: Developing the evidence base for a Natural Capital Asset Check: What characteristics should we understand in order to improve environmental appraisal and natural income accounts? UNEP-WCMC, LWEC, UK.

Foster, N. L., Sciberras, M., Jackson, E. L., Ponge, B., Toison, V., Carrier, S., Christiansen, S., Lemasson, A., Wort, E. and Attrill, M. (2014). Assessing the Ecological Coherence of the Channel MPA Network. Report prepared by the Marine Institute for the Protected Area Network Across the Channel Ecosystem (PANACHE) project. INTERREG programme France (Channel) England funded project, 156 pp

Thomson, M. & Jackson, E.L., with Kalkonen, J. (2014). Seagrass (Zostera) beds in Orkney. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report No. 765.

d’Avack, E.A.S., Tillin, H., Jackson, E.L. and Tyler-Walters, H.  (2014). Assessing the sensitivity of seagrass bed biotopes to pressures associated with marine activities.  JNCC Report no. 505.  Peterborough, Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

Sciberras, M., Rodriguez-Rodriguez, D., Ponge, B., Jackson, E., (2013). Criteria for assessing ecological coherence of MPA networks: A review. Report prepared by the Marine Institute and the Agence des Marines Protegees for the Protected Area Network Across the Channel Ecosystem (PANACHE) project. INTERREG programme France (Channel) – England (2007 – 2013) funded project, p. 48.

Jackson, E.L., Griffiths, C.A., Collins, K., Durkin, O., (2013). An assessment of anthropogenic impact on marine angiosperm habitat, Natural England and MMO, Peterborough, UK. NECR111. http://publications.naturalengland.org.uk/publication/3665058

Jackson, E.L., Langmead, O., Beaumont, N., Potts, T. and Hattam, C. (2012). Seagrass Ecosystem Interactions with Social and Economic Systems. Commissioned Report for Defra, UK.

Bloor, I., Jackson, E.L. (2012). Fisheries ecological risk assessment: Cephalopods and their spawning habitats. Unpublished Report for the Seafish Authority.

Fletcher, S., Rees, S., Gall, S. Jackson, E.L, Friedrich, L., and Rodwell, L. (2012) Securing the benefits of the Marine Conservation Zone Network. A report to The Wildlife Trusts by the Centre for Marine and Coastal Policy Research, Plymouth University.

Attrill, M.J., Bayley, D.T.I., Gall, S.C., Hattam, C., Jackson, E.L., Langmead, O., Mangi, S., Marshall, C., Munro, C., Rees, S., Rodwell, L., Sheehan, E.V., Stevens, T.F., Strong. S., 2011. Lyme Bay – a case-study: measuring recovery of benthic species; assessing potential “spillover” effects and socio-economic changes, Final Report, February 2011. Report to the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs from the University of Plymouth-led consortium. Plymouth: University of Plymouth Enterprise Ltd.

Jackson, E.L., Higgs, S., Allsop, T., Cathray, A., Evans, J. and Langmead, O., 2011. Isles of Scilly Seagrass Mapping. Natural England Commissioned Report Number 087.

Jackson, E.L., Langmead, O., Evans, J., Wilkes, P., Seeley, B., Lear D. and Tyler-Walters, H. (2010). Mapping Marine Benthic Biodiversity in Wales. CCW Contract Science Reports Report No: 913, 88pp, Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor.

Jackson, E.L., Langmead, O., Evans, J., Wilkes, P., Seeley, B., Lear D. and Tyler-Walters, H. 2010. Mapping Marine Benthic Biodiversity in Wales. CCW Contract Science Reports Report No: 913, 88pp, Countryside Council for Wales, Bangor.

Langmead, O., Jackson, E.L., Griffiths, C., Wilkes, P., Neilly, M., Lear, D., Luckraft, I., Foggo, A., Tyler-Walters, H., 2010. Accessing and developing the required biophysical datasets and data layers for Marine Protected Areas network planning and wider marine spatial planning purposes Report No. 20, Task 2F.UK marine benthic diversity layer. Report to the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs from the Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN) Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the UK, subcontracted by ABPmer, Southampton. Defra Contract No. MB0102 Task 2F, Report No. 20.

Jackson, E.L., Langmead, O., McQuatters-Gollop, A., Miller, P., Fox, C., Hiscock, K., Tyler-Walters, H., Saunders, J., 2009. Marine Biodiversity Hotspots. Report to the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs from the Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN) Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the UK, subcontracted by ABPMer, Southampton. Defra Contract No. MB102 Task 2F, Report No. 2.

Wilding, C., Jackson, E.L., Langmead, O.,Hiscock, K., Evans, J., Sewell, J., Oakley, J., Tyler-Walters, H. (2009). Marine Health Check Update 2009. Flagship Species Revisited.  Godalming, WWF-UK.

Jackson, E.L., Langmead, O., Evans, J., Ellis, R. & Tyler-Walters, H. 2008.Protecting nationally important marine Biodiversity in Wales. Report to the Wales Environment Link from the Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN). Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the UK.

Jackson, E.L., Langmead, O., Barnes, M., Tyler-Walters, H. & Hiscock, K., 2008. Identification of indicator species to represent the full range of benthic life history strategies for Lyme Bay and the consideration of the wider application for monitoring of Marine Protected Areas. Report to the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs from the Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN).  Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the UK.

Langmead, O., Jackson, E.L., Lear, D., Evans, J., Seeley, B. Ellis, R., Mieszkowska, N. and Tyler-Walters, H. (2008). The Review of Biodiversity for Marine Spatial Planning within the Firth of Clyde. Report to the SSMEI Clyde Pilot from the Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN). Plymouth: Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. [Contract number R70073PUR]

Jackson, E.L., Hiscock, K., Evans, J., Seeley, B. & Lear, D. (2008). Investigating the existing coverage and subsequent gaps in protection and providing guidance on representativity and replication for a coherent network of Marine Protected Areas in England's territorial waters. Plymouth: Marine Life Information Network (MarLIN), Marine Biological Association of the UK. Natural England Commissioned Reports, Number 018.

Irving, R.A. (ed.), Jackson, E.L. & Cole, H. 2007. Mapping eelgrass Zostera marina beds within Plymouth Sound and Estuaries SAC. Report to Natural England by Sea-Scope, Marine Environmental Consultants, Devon.

Rhodes, B., Jackson, E.L., Moore, R., Foggo, A. Frost, M., 2006. The impact of swinging boat moorings on Zostera marina beds and associated infaunal macroinvertebrate communities in Salcombe, Devon, UK. Report to Natural England. pp58.

Research Supervision
Accreditation

I am currently accredited for supervision in the following:

  • Ecological Applications
  • Ecology
  • Environmental Science and Management

At the level of Principal Supervisor


Current Capacity
I am currently available to supervise more research candidates
Checking For Students Supervised
Research Interests
Biological Sciences

Ecology - Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)

Biological Sciences

Plant Biology - Plant Developmental and Reproductive Biology

Environmental Sciences

Ecological Applications - Ecological Impacts of Climate Change

Environmental Sciences

Ecological Applications - Ecosystem Function

Environmental Sciences

Ecological Applications - Landscape Ecology

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